Interesting Facts About Egyptian Mau Cats

Did you know that Egyptian Mau cats are considered one of the oldest domesticated cat breeds in the world? With their captivating spotted coat and mesmerizing green eyes, these cats have been adored for centuries. Not only are they visually stunning, but they also possess incredible agility and speed, making them excellent hunters. In this article, we will explore some fascinating facts about Egyptian Mau cats, shedding light on their unique characteristics and their special place in history. So get ready to embark on a journey into the enchanting world of these magnificent feline creatures.


Distinctive Coat Color

The Egyptian Mau is known for its distinctive coat color, which is one of its most defining features. The breed comes in several beautiful colors, including silver, bronze, and smoke. One of the unique aspects of the Egyptian Mau’s coat is the “M” shaped marking on its forehead, which is thought to resemble the Egyptian hieroglyph for “cat.” This coat color and pattern make the Egyptian Mau easily recognizable and add to its allure.

Almond-Shaped Eyes

Another striking feature of the Egyptian Mau is its almond-shaped eyes. These captivating eyes vary in color, from green and gold to a mesmerizing combination of both. The shape and color of the eyes give the Egyptian Mau a charming and expressive look, which adds to its overall beauty.

Medium-Sized Body

The Egyptian Mau has a medium-sized body, which gives it an elegant and sleek appearance. The body is muscular and well-proportioned, reflecting the breed’s athleticism. Despite its moderate size, the Egyptian Mau possesses a graceful and agile presence, allowing it to move with remarkable speed and precision.

Graceful Muscular Build

The Egyptian Mau’s body is not only medium-sized but is also characterized by a graceful and muscular build. This breed is known for its impressive agility and flexibility, which is evident in the way it moves. Its well-defined muscles allow for powerful and precise movements, making it an extraordinary feline to watch in action.

Origin and History

Ancient Egyptian Connection

As its name suggests, the Egyptian Mau has a strong connection to ancient Egypt. It is believed to be one of the oldest domesticated cat breeds, with its history dating back thousands of years. These cats were highly revered in ancient Egypt and were often depicted in ancient artwork and sculptures. They were regarded as sacred animals and were even mummified alongside their human counterparts.

Felis Lybica Subspecies

The Egyptian Mau shares a close ancestry with the Felis lybica subspecies, also known as the African wildcat. This subspecies is native to North Africa and the Middle East, and it is believed that the Egyptian Mau descended from these wild cats. Over time, through a combination of natural selection and human intervention, the Egyptian Mau developed its distinct characteristics and became a recognized breed.

Bastet and Egyptian Mythology

In ancient Egyptian mythology, the goddess Bastet, also known as Bast, was often depicted as a lioness or a domesticated cat. She was the goddess of home, fertility, and protection, and she shared a special connection with cats. The Egyptian Mau was believed to be the living incarnation of Bastet, and these cats were considered sacred. They were kept in temples and were believed to possess magical properties.

See also  How Long Do Egyptian Mau Cats Grow

First Imported to the United States

The Egyptian Mau was first imported to the United States in the late 1950s by a Russian princess named Nathalie Troubetskoy. She fell in love with the breed while living in Italy and decided to introduce them to America. Troubetskoy started a breeding program to preserve and promote the Egyptian Mau, and her efforts ultimately led to the breed’s recognition by cat registries in the United States.

Personality and Temperament

Active and Energetic

The Egyptian Mau is an active and energetic breed that loves to be on the move. These cats thrive on physical activity and require ample opportunities to expend their energy. They enjoy interactive play sessions with their human companions and are known for their impressive speed and agility. Providing them with stimulating toys and engaging activities helps keep them mentally and physically stimulated.

Playful and Curious

With their playful and curious nature, the Egyptian Mau always keeps their human companions entertained. They have a natural curiosity about their surroundings and enjoy exploring every nook and cranny. Their playful antics often include chasing toys, pouncing on imaginary prey, and finding creative ways to amuse themselves. Playing interactive games and providing them with puzzle toys can help satisfy their need for mental stimulation.

Highly Intelligent

Intelligence is a prominent trait of the Egyptian Mau. They possess a keen intellect and are quick learners. This breed has a remarkable ability to problem-solve and can often be seen figuring out puzzles or finding hidden treats. Their intelligence makes them highly trainable, and they can even be taught to perform tricks or respond to commands. Mental stimulation, such as clicker training or interactive toys, is essential to keep their minds engaged.

Loyal and Affectionate

Despite their active nature, the Egyptian Mau is known for being incredibly loyal and affectionate towards their human companions. They form strong bonds with their family and often display their affection through gentle head nudges, purring, and cuddling. They enjoy being part of household activities and will often follow their humans from room to room. Their loyalty and affection make them an excellent choice for those seeking a devoted feline companion.

Health and Care

Healthy Breed

The Egyptian Mau is generally a healthy breed with no breed-specific health concerns. However, like all cats, they need regular veterinary check-ups to ensure their overall well-being. These check-ups help identify any potential health issues early on, allowing for timely intervention and treatment. Ensuring that they receive routine vaccinations, regular parasite control, and a balanced diet are crucial aspects of maintaining their health.

Regular Veterinary Check-ups

To keep your Egyptian Mau in optimal health, regular veterinary check-ups are essential. These check-ups typically include a physical examination, vaccinations, and preventive care measures. It is also an opportunity to discuss any concerns you may have and seek guidance on diet and exercise. Your veterinarian can provide tailored advice to meet your cat’s specific needs.

Grooming Needs

The Egyptian Mau has a short coat that requires minimal grooming. Regular brushing with a soft-bristled brush helps remove loose hair and keeps their coat looking shiny and healthy. Additionally, routine nail trims and dental care are necessary to prevent any issues. Maintaining good oral hygiene, such as regular teeth brushing or providing dental treats, can help prevent dental diseases.

Exercise and Mental Stimulation

As an active breed, the Egyptian Mau requires ample exercise and mental stimulation. Offering plenty of playtime and interactive toys helps meet their physical and mental needs. Engaging them in activities that mimic hunting, such as puzzle toys or interactive wand toys, can help keep them mentally stimulated. Access to perches or cat trees allows them to climb and survey their surroundings, satisfying their natural instinct for elevated vantage points.

See also  Common Misconceptions About Hypoallergenic Cats

Socialization and Compatibility

Good with Children

The Egyptian Mau is known for being good with children, making them a suitable choice for families. They have a patient and tolerant temperament, which allows them to handle the energy and playfulness of young children. Supervision is always recommended when interacting with pets and children, as it helps ensure the safety of both parties.

Friendly with Other Pets

Whether you have other cats or dogs in the household, the Egyptian Mau is generally friendly and adaptable. With proper introductions and gradual socialization, they can get along well with other pets. Early socialization plays a crucial role in helping them develop positive relationships with other animals, ensuring a harmonious and stress-free environment.

Bonding with Their Human

The Egyptian Mau forms deep bonds with their human companions and enjoys spending quality time with them. They appreciate interactive play, cuddling, and gentle grooming sessions. Regular human interaction and attention reinforce the bond between the cat and their owner, fostering a strong emotional connection.

Integrating into a New Environment

When bringing an Egyptian Mau into a new environment, it is important to provide a gradual transition. Creating a safe space for the cat, complete with food, water, litter box, and hiding spots, helps them feel secure. Introducing them to new rooms and introducing them to other pets gradually allows them to acclimate at their own pace. Patience, love, and positive reinforcement play vital roles in helping an Egyptian Mau feel comfortable and welcome.

Unique Behaviors

Trilling Sounds

One of the unique behaviors of the Egyptian Mau is its distinctive vocalization known as trilling. Trilling is a mix between a purr and a chirp and is often used as a form of communication. It can convey excitement, contentment, or even a greeting. This endearing sound adds to the charm and uniqueness of the Egyptian Mau.

Fascination with Water

Unlike many other cat breeds, the Egyptian Mau has a fascination with water. They may enjoy playing with running water, dipping their paws in the water bowl, or even joining their human companions in the shower or bathtub. This affinity for water is believed to have its roots in their ancient Egyptian heritage, where they were often found near bodies of water such as the Nile.

Natural Hunting Instincts

The Egyptian Mau possesses strong natural hunting instincts, which is a characteristic inherited from their wild ancestors. They have excellent reflexes, agility, and speed, making them skilled hunters. Satisfying their hunting instincts can be achieved through interactive toys that simulate prey-like movements, allowing them to engage in their innate hunting behaviors in a safe and controlled environment.

Love for High Perches

Egyptian Maus have an affinity for high perches, and they will often seek out elevated areas. This behavior is rooted in their ancient heritage, where they used to perch high to survey the surroundings and keep watch for potential threats or prey. Providing them with cat trees or window perches allows them to indulge this natural behavior and find comfort in secure vantage points.

Show and Breeding Standards

Recognized Breed

The Egyptian Mau is a recognized breed by various cat registries and cat associations worldwide. Their unique appearance, distinctive coat, and captivating personality have earned them a dedicated following of enthusiasts. The breed standard outlines the specific physical characteristics that define the Egyptian Mau, ensuring breeders maintain consistency and integrity.

Specific Physical Characteristics

According to the breed standard, the Egyptian Mau should have a medium-sized body, a long tail, and almond-shaped eyes. The coat should be spotted, with the spots being distinct and well-defined. The color of the coat can vary, but it should exhibit a striking contrast with the background color. The head should have an alert expression, with a slight indentation between the eyes and a moderate muzzle.

Selective Breeding Programs

To maintain the breed standard and preserve the unique features of the Egyptian Mau, selective breeding programs play a vital role. Responsible breeders carefully select breeding pairs based on adherence to the breed standard, health, and temperament. These breeding programs aim to enhance the breed’s desirable traits and ensure that the offspring continue to reflect the true characteristics of the Egyptian Mau.

See also  The Costly Charm: Why Egyptian Mau Cats Fetch a High Price

Cat Shows and Competitions

The Egyptian Mau is a popular breed in cat shows and competitions. These events showcase the breed’s beauty, grace, and unique personality. Competitions typically evaluate cats based on their adherence to the breed standard, temperament, grooming, and overall presentation. Participating in cat shows can be a rewarding experience for both breeders and owners, as it allows them to showcase the hard work and dedication put into breeding and caring for the Egyptian Mau.

Famous Egyptian Mau Cats


One of the most famous Egyptian Mau cats in history is Tutankhamun, the boy pharaoh of ancient Egypt. Tutankhamun was known for his love and devotion to his feline companion, who is believed to have been an Egyptian Mau. Ancient artifacts and carvings depict Tutankhamun with his cat, showcasing the deep bond between the young ruler and his feline friend.


Cleopatra, the legendary queen of ancient Egypt, was also known to have a fondness for Egyptian Maus. These regal cats were often found in her presence, symbolizing her strength and connection to the divine. Cleopatra’s love for her Egyptian Mau cats further solidifies the breed’s place in ancient Egyptian society and their importance in the lives of their human counterparts.


Bastet, the Egyptian goddess associated with domesticated cats, is often depicted with the likeness of an Egyptian Mau. As the goddess of home, fertility, and protection, Bastet held a special place in the hearts of the Egyptian people. The association between Bastet and the Egyptian Mau contributes to the breed’s historical significance and its status as a revered companion to humans throughout ancient times.


Zoser, a beloved Egyptian Mau cat, made an appearance in the famous children’s book series “The Cat Who…” by Lilian Jackson Braun. Zoser’s mischievous adventures and charming personality have made him a beloved character among readers, further highlighting the breed’s endearing qualities.

Popularity and Adoption

Rarity and Exclusivity

While the Egyptian Mau is considered a rare breed, it has gained popularity among cat enthusiasts around the world. The breed’s unique appearance, ancient heritage, and captivating personality contribute to its exclusivity. Owning an Egyptian Mau often comes with a sense of pride and admiration for this intriguing and cherished feline.

Egyptian Mau Rescue Organizations

For those interested in adopting an Egyptian Mau, there are rescue organizations dedicated to finding homes for these wonderful cats. These organizations specialize in the rescue, rehabilitation, and rehoming of Egyptian Maus in need. Adopting from a rescue organization gives these cats a second chance at life while also providing a loving home for an amazing companion.

Finding a Reputable Breeder

If you prefer to obtain an Egyptian Mau from a breeder, it is crucial to do thorough research and find a reputable breeder. A responsible breeder will prioritize the health and well-being of their cats, adhering to the breed standard and conducting appropriate health testing. They will also be knowledgeable and supportive, providing guidance and advice throughout the adoption process.

Adoption Process

The adoption process may vary depending on whether you choose to adopt from a rescue organization or a breeder. Both routes often involve an application, interviews, and a fee. Part of the adoption process may include a home visit or reference check to ensure that the cat will be going to a loving and suitable environment. The process aims to match the cat’s needs with the adopter’s lifestyle, ensuring a successful and fulfilling adoption.


The Egyptian Mau is an intriguing and unique feline breed that has captivated people for centuries. Their distinctive coat color, almond-shaped eyes, and graceful muscular build make them a sight to behold. With their ancient Egyptian connection, loyal and affectionate nature, and playful personality, they make ideal companions for cat lovers around the world.

Maintaining and appreciating the Egyptian Mau involves providing a healthy and stimulating environment. Regular veterinary check-ups, proper grooming, exercise, and mental stimulation are necessary to ensure their well-being. Their socialization and compatibility with children and other pets make them a wonderful addition to any household.

As you embark on your journey with an Egyptian Mau, whether through adoption or finding a reputable breeder, remember to cherish their unique behaviors, such as their trilling sounds and fascination with water. By understanding and respecting their distinctive traits, you can cultivate a lifelong bond with this extraordinary breed.

The Egyptian Mau stands as a testament to the enduring legacy of ancient Egypt and the cherished role that cats played in that civilization. Today, they continue to enchant and bring joy to countless families, leaving an indelible paw print on their hearts and homes.